Web Design
Table of Contents


    • A  science that people can understand 
    • Target groups 
    • Graphic programming 
    • The electronic document 
    • The Camtasia video player 

    Chapter 1

      The concept: methods – content – objectives 

    • Everything under one roof 
    • Hardware: Systems on a chip 
    • The software is the instrument 
    • A case for up-to-date education 
    • On the unity of theory and practice
    • Multimedia and interactive learning 
    • Science and Mathematics 
    • In search of other "tools" 
    • Physics as the point of departure 
    • Clarification of Objectives 
    • Preliminary conclusions: the concept takes on clearer contours 
    • Exercises on Chapter 1

    Chapter 2

      Signals in the time and frequency domain 

    • The FOURIER Principle 
    • Periodic oscillations 
    • Our ear as a FOURIER-analyzer 
    • FOURIER -Transformation: from the time domain to the frequency domain and back 
    • Important periodic oscillations/signals 
    • Comparison of signals in the time and frequency domain 
    • The confusing phase spectrum 
    • Interference: nothing to be seen although everything is there. 
    • Opposites which have a great deal in common: sine and d-pulse 
    • Non-periodic and one-off signals 
    • Pure randomness: stochastic noise 
    • Noise and information 
    • Exercises for Chapter 2 

    Chapter 3

      The Uncertainty Principle 

    • A strange relationship between frequency and time and its practical consequences.  
    • Sinusoidal signal and d-pulse as a limiting case of the Uncertainty Principle  
    • Why ideal filters cannot exist  
    • Frequency measurements in the case of non-periodic signals.  
    • Near-periodic signals  
    • Tones, sounds and music  
    • Limiting uncertainty: Short Time FFT and Wavelets
    • Exercises on Chapter 3  

    Chapter 4 

      Language as a carrier of information 

    • How speech, tones and sounds are generated and perceived 
    • Case study: a simple system for voice recognition 
    • Refinement and optimisation phase 
    • Pattern recognition 
    • Exercises on Chapter 4 

    Chapter 5

      The Symmetry Principle 

    • For reasons of symmetry: negative frequencies 
    • Proof of the physical existence of negative frequencies 
    • Periodic spectra 
    • Inverse FOURIER transformation and GAUSSian plane 
    • Exercises on Chapter 5 

    Chapter 6

      System analysis 

    • Sweep 
    • Modern test signals 
    • The delta-pulse 
    • The step function 
    • The GAUSSian pulse 
    • The GAUSSian oscillation pulse 
    • The Burst signal  161
    • The Si-function and the Si-oscillation pulse 
    • Noise 
    • Transients in systems 
    • Exercises on Chapter 6 

    Chapter 7

      Linear and non-linear processes 

    • System analysis and system synthesis 
    • Measuring a process to reveal whether it is linear or non-linear 
    • Line and space 
    • Inter-disciplinary significance 
    • Mirroring and projection 
    • A complex component: the transistor 
    • There are only few linear processes 
    • Multiplication of a signal by a constant 
    • Addition of two or more signals 
    • Delay 
    • Differentiation 
    • Integration 
    • Malicious functions or signal curves 
    • Filters 
    • Non-linear processes 
    • Multiplication of two signals 
    • Formation of the absolute value 
    • Quantization 
    • Windowing 
    • Exercises on Chapter 7 

    Chapter 8

      Classical modulation procedures 

    • Transmission media 
    • Modulation with sinusoidal carriers 
    • Modulation and demodulation in the traditional sense 
    • Amplitude modulation and demodulation AM 
    • Wasting energy: double sideband AM with carrier 
    • Single sideband modulation without a carrier 
    • Frequency multiplex 
    • Mixing 
    • Frequency modulation FM 
    • Demodulation of FM-signals 
    • The phase locked loop PLL 
    • Phase modulation 
    • Immunity to interference of modulation processes 
    • Practical information theory 
    • Exercises on Chapter 8 

    Chapter 9


    • Digital technology does not always mean the same thing 
    • Digital processing of analog signals 
    • The gateway to the digital world: the A/D converter 
    • Principle of a D/A converter 
    • Analog pulse modulation processes 
    • DASYLab and digital signal processing 
    • Digital signals in the time and frequency domain 
    • The period length of digital signals 
    • The periodic spectrum of digital signals 
    • The Sampling Principle 
    • Retrieval of the analog signal 
    • Non-synchronicity 
    • Signal distortion as a result of signal windowing 
    • Check list 
    • Exercises on Chapter 9 

    Chapter 10

      Digital filters 

    • Hardware versus software 
    • How analog filters work 
    • FFT filters 
    • Digital filtering in the time domain 
    • Convolution 
    • Case study: Design and application of digital filters 
    • Avoiding ripple content in the conducting state region 
    • Exercises on Chapter 10 

    Chapter 11

      Digital transmission technology l: source encoding 

    • Encoding and decoding of digital signals and data 
    • Compression 
    • Low-loss and lossy compression 
    • RLE encoding 
    • Huffman encoding 
    • LZW encoding 
    • Source encoding of audio signals 
    • Delta encoding or delta modulation 
    • Sigma-delta modulation or encoding (S-D-M) 
    • Noise shaping and decimation filter 
    • Frequency band coding and mutiple resolution
    • Quadrature Mirror Filter QMF)
    • Discrete Wavelet Transformation  and Multi-Scale Analysis
    • Exploiting psycho-acoustic effects (MPEG) 
    • Encoding and physics 
    • Exercises on Chapter 11 

    Chapter 12

      Digital transmission technology ll: channel encoding 

    • Error protection encoding for the reduction of bit error probability 
    • Distance 
    • Hamming codes and Hamming distance 
    • Convolutional  encoding 
    • Viterbi decoding 
    • Hard and soft decision 
    • Channel capacity 
    • Exercises on Chapter 12 

    Chapter 13

      Digital Transmission Techniques III: Modulation 

    • Keying of discrete states
    • Amplitude Shift Keying (2-ASK) 
    • Phase Shift Keying (2-PSK) 
    • Frequency Shift Keying 2-FSK 
    • Signal space 
    • Quadrature Phase Shift Keying – QPSK 
    • Digital Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM) 
    • Multiple Access  387
    • Discrete Multitone  390
    • Orthogonal Frequency division Multiplex (OFDM) 
    • Coded OFDM (COFDM) and Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB) 
    • Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) 
    • Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) 
    • Spread Spectrum 
    • Exercises on Chapter 13 

    Chapter 14

                    Neural networks

    • What are the applications of neural networks
    • Backpropagation as error minimisation: the search for the deapest valley
    • Creating neuronal networks with DASYLab
    • Project: pattern recognition of signals of a function generator
    • Speech recognition as an example of complex, real pattern recognition
    • Neuronal networks in industrial use
    • Neuronal networks: perspective and limitations
    • Exerceises on chapter 14


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